|Birth:||November 2, 1673|
|Death:||November 2, 1741|
By including this public figure on this wiki, we are not necessarily implying they are incel (involuntarily celibate) or are in any way associated with incels. Furthermore, with regards to any actual incels listed on this wiki, inceldom is a life circumstance, not an insult or a movement/community.
Antoine Banier was a french clergyman who coined the term “involuntary celibacy”. His quote is found in the The Mythology and Fables of the Ancients, Explain'd from History, written in 1739.:
Antoine was mainly complaining about a form of courtship that he felt wasn't hypergamous enough for women. He describes inceldom (specifically femceldom as a form of imprisonment with his usage of the term “yoke”. He also described it as a form of suffering and anguish through his usage of the word “groan”.
Quote where the term "involuntary celibacy" was coined
“”The custom of the Ancients in their marriages was quite different from that of the age wherein we live: large gratifications were given to the young ladies whom they were to marry, and even to their parents, whereas it is very rare now-a-days for one to marry a woman without a portion. Homer and several others, mention this Custom, and would to God it were still in Fashion: How many young Women who groan under the Yoke of involuntary Celibacy, would find Husbands to make them happy, did not the Avarice of those husbands reduce them to the calamities wherein ixion was involved.
|—Antoine Banier, The Mythology and Fables of the Ancients, Explain'd from History, Volume 3|
Explanation of quote
The, "calamities of ixion", refers to the mythical Greek King of Thessaly, Ixion, who refused to pay the bride-price owed to his father in law, leading to Ixion eventually treacherously murdering the father-in-law, becoming the first kin-slayer and thus an outcast. Banier is referring to the ancient custom of bride price (man paying the woman's family to be married) as being preferable to the contemporary European custom in his own era of the dowry. The dowry is a sum paid by the woman's family to the man, as this was seen as essential 'seed capital' that established a stable marriage, and also because women were often seen as such a useless burden that men would have to be incentivized to marry them. Some have claimed that the dowry also served as an incentive to induce upper-class men to marry less physically attractive upper-class women, instead of marrying prettier lower class women. This would have maintained the integrity of the class systems in place in Europe at the time.
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