There are numerous causes of gynophobia. It is a common phenomena among males aged 3-18. Researchers found widespread adult gynophobia can be caused by a lack of available resources necessary to increase the population.
Symptoms of gynophobia include:
- Awareness that fear of women is irrational
- Dread or worry about having to be around or interact with women
- Guilt or shame about the fear of women
- Inability to control or overcome the fear of women
- Intense panic and strong desire to flee when near women
Gynophobia lessens with age
Before preschool, girls and boys see themselves as more or less equals. After they are sent to preschool, toddlers are taught to see themselves through a gendered worldview, and they are exposed to more gender stereotyping by adults.
Cooties that are stronger than intra-sexual fear continue all throughout adolescence. Literally all throughout childhood, and with a strong effect size.
Gendered fear usually completely dissipates at around 17 years old. This was proven in a study by Eva H. Telzer and Jessica Flannery which measured amygyla response in children to same-sex vs. opposite peers. Due to the strong effect size of the gendered fear shown in the study, we can assume from this that many, if not most, gynophobic adult incels fail to meet some developmental process that rids them of their fear of the opposite sex.
Some academics have implied that adult gynophobia emerges from an inability or unwillingness to drop gender stereotyping as they age.
A possible counter-hypothesis to this dominant academic insinuation would be that children are not primarily socialized into gender roles, but that socialization brings about a natural, and unavoidable blossoming of pre-determined biological gender roles.
Another counterargument to the above academic insinuation would be that academics haven't proven that gender stereotyping lessens as gynphobia lessens, but rather the gendered fear leaves through other developmental processes, such as an ability to adapt to gender roles continuously imposed by society or biology. If this is true, then gynophobic adults could not adapt to gender roles, whereas men not afraid of women were able to adapt to such roles.
Dr. Brian Gilmartin noticed this to some extent, and proposed eliminated traditional gender roles such as sports as a way to lessen male gynophobia. Blackpillers also notice this and often shout insults and fellow teens who fail to adopt gender roles, such as, "soyboy", "beta male" etc.
Pretty much all sides acknowledge fear of women, at least, as an adolescent holdover, and often coincedes with other adolescent behaviours.
Cultural gynophobia can come from lack of available basic resources
Extreme examples of universal, cultural gypnohobia have been found in the highlands of New Guinea, where widespread nofap propaganda coincides with notions of, "perilous female sexuality". It was found that such fears were likely caused by the limited available of basic resources that would be required to increase the population.
- Powlishta, K. K. (2004). Gender as a social category: Intergroup processes and gender-role development. In M. Bennet & F. Sano (Eds.), The development of the social self (pp. 103–134). New York: Psychology Press.
- Serbin, L. A., Powlishta, K. K., & Gulko, J. (1993). The development of sex typing in middle childhood. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 58, 1–95.
- Trautner, H. M. (1992). The development of sex-typing in children: A longitudinal analysis. German Journal of Psychology, 16, 183–199.
- Telzer, E. H., Flannery, J., Humphreys, K. L., Goff, B., Gabard-Durman, L., Gee, D. G., & Tottenham, N. (2015). “The Cooties Effect”: Amygdala Reactivity to Opposite- versus Same-sex Faces Declines from Childhood to Adolescence. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 27(9), 1685–1696. doi:10.1162/jocn_a_00813
- Ember, C. (1978). Men’s fear of sex with women: A cross-cultural study. Sex Roles, 4(5). doi:10.1007/bf00287331 page 657
- Ember, C. (1978). Men’s fear of sex with women: A cross-cultural study. Sex Roles, 4(5). doi:10.1007/bf00287331 page 659